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Understanding Our Rug Categories

Persian Rugs

Persian rugs, also known as Iranian rugs, are predominantly produced in Iran and are known for their exceptional craftsmanship, intricate designs, and high-quality materials. The history of Persian rugs is a tale that spans several millennia, showcasing the remarkable artistry, cultural significance, and enduring legacy of these masterpieces.

There are various types of Persian rugs, such as Tabriz, Kashan, Isfahan, and many others, each with its unique characteristics and regional influences. The diversity and artistry of Persian rugs have contributed to their worldwide acclaim and enduring popularity.

Here are some key features of Persian rugs:

Persian rug weaving has a long and rich history that dates back thousands of years. The art of Persian rug making has been passed down through generations, and the techniques and designs have evolved has evolved through different dynasties, invasions, and cultural influences.

Persian rugs are traditionally handmade, often using a vertical loom. Skilled artisans meticulously weave the rug using various techniques, including knotting and flatweave, to create intricate patterns and motifs.

Persian rugs are famous for their diverse designs and patterns. Each region and tribe in Iran have its unique style, colors, and motifs. Popular design elements include floral patterns, medallions, geometric shapes, and pictorial representations.

Persian rugs are typically made using natural materials, with wool being the most common. Silk rugs, known for their luxurious texture and sheen, are also highly valued. The quality of the materials contributes to the durability and longevity of the rugs.

Persian rugs are often characterized by their knot density, which refers to the number of knots per square inch. Higher knot density generally indicates higher quality and finer details in the rug’s design.

Persian rugs hold significant cultural value in Iran. They are often considered a form of art and are used in various cultural ceremonies and events. Persian rugs also carry symbolic meanings and can depict historical events or narratives.

Persian rugs are not only cherished for their beauty but also valued as investments. Antique and collectible Persian rugs can appreciate in value over time, especially those made by renowned weavers or from specific regions.


Oriental Rugs

The terms “Persian rugs” and “Oriental rugs” are often used interchangeably, but there are some important distinctions between them.

Interesting fact!

While Persian rugs are a subset of Oriental rugs, not all Oriental rugs are Persian. The term “Oriental rugs” serves as a more general category that encompasses rugs from various countries and regions across the East (The Orient), that includes Iran, while “Persian rugs” specifically refers to rugs from Iran (formerly known as Persia until 1970).

Many of the countries in ‘the Orient’ were originally part of the Great Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great (550 BC), which is why Persia influenced much of the art or rug making in this area.

Here are some key features of Oriental rugs:

Persian rugs specifically refer to rugs made in Iran, a country known for its long history of rug weaving. These rugs are crafted by skilled artisans using traditional Persian techniques and designs. On the other hand, Oriental rugs encompass a broader category that includes rugs from various countries in the East, such as Turkey, China, India, Afghanistan, and more.

Persian rugs often feature intricate floral patterns, medallions, and pictorial representations. Each region in Iran has its distinct design characteristics and motifs. Oriental rugs, being more diverse, can display a wide range of designs, including geometric patterns, animal motifs, cultural symbols, and abstract elements, depending on their country of origin.

Persian rugs carry a strong cultural significance in Iran, where they are considered a source of national pride and artistry. They often reflect Persian traditions, symbolism, and historical narratives. Oriental rugs, on the other hand, represent the cultural heritage and artistic traditions of the specific region or country they come from. Each Oriental rug type may embody its unique cultural influences and weaving techniques.

Persian rugs are typically woven using the Persian knot, also known as the Senneh knot or asymmetrical knot. This knotting technique is characterized by a single loop of yarn wrapped around two warp threads. Oriental rugs, depending on their origin, may use different knotting techniques such as the Turkish knot (symmetrical knot) or the Jufti knot (a less intricate variation).

Persian rugs often have distinct regional types, such as Tabriz, Kashan, Isfahan, and Heriz, each originating from a specific area in Iran. These regional styles have their unique characteristics and design elements. Oriental rugs encompass a wider range of regional variations, including Turkish rugs (e.g., Anatolian or Oushak rugs), Afghan rugs, Chinese rugs, and more, each reflecting the weaving traditions and aesthetics of their respective regions.

Modern & Contemporary

The terms “modern” and “contemporary” sound very similar, which can be quite confusing.

While the line between modern and contemporary can be blurry, and the terms can sometimes be used interchangeably depending on the context and personal interpretation, following the guideline above to distinguish between the specific characteristics and design elements of the rug will give a clearer indication of which style the rug aligns to.

In the context of rugs, there are some subtle differences between modern and contemporary styles that distinguish the two types of rugs:

    • Modern rugs typically refer to rugs that were designed and produced during the mid-20th century, roughly from the 1920s to the 1970s. They reflect the design aesthetics and trends of that particular era.
    • Contemporary rugs, on the other hand, are rugs that are designed and produced in the present time or recent years. They represent current design trends and can vary significantly in style.
    • Modern rugs have a distinct design style influenced by the modernist movement, characterized by clean lines, geometric patterns, and simplicity.
    • Contemporary rugs, on the other hand, encompass a broader range of design styles that are currently popular, including minimalist, abstract, eclectic, and even traditional designs with a modern twist.
    • Modern rugs often feature innovative materials and techniques that were developed during the mid-20th century. They may incorporate synthetic fibers, bold colors, and experimental weaving or tufting techniques.
    • Contemporary rugs can also explore new materials and techniques, but they are not limited to those specific to the mid-20th century. They can incorporate a wide range of traditional and modern materials and weaving methods.
    • Modern rugs have a distinct historical context and represent a specific era of design.
    • Contemporary rugs, being of the current time, reflect the evolution of design trends and can be influenced by various cultural, technological, and artistic factors.

Kilim & Flatweave

A Kelim rug is a type of flat-woven textile that originates from various regions, including the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, and the Balkans. These rugs have distinct characteristics that set them apart from other types of carpets.

These rugs are prized for their unique weaving style, vibrant colors, and geometric patterns, making them a popular choice for those seeking distinct and culturally rich textiles to add vibrancy to their spaces.

Here are some key features of a Kelim rug:

Kelim rugs are woven using a flat-weave technique, which means there is no pile or knots in the rug. The weaving process creates a flat surface on both sides of the rug.

Traditionally, Kelim rugs are made using natural materials such as wool, cotton, or silk. Wool is the most common material and is known for its durability and resilience. Cotton is often used for the warp and weft threads, while silk is occasionally used for finer, more intricate designs.

Persian rugs carry a strong cultural significance in Iran, where they are considered a source of national pride and artistry. They often reflect Persian traditions, symbolism, and historical narratives. Oriental rugs, on the other hand, represent the cultural heritage and artistic traditions of the specific region or country they come from. Each Oriental rug type may embody its unique cultural influences and weaving techniques.

Kelim rugs are typically crafted using rich and bold colours, which adds to their visual appeal. Natural dyes were traditionally used to achieve these colours, giving the rugs a warm and earthy tone.

Due to the flat-woven structure, Kelim rugs are reversible, with the same pattern visible on both sides. This characteristic increases their versatility and longevity.

Compared to traditional pile rugs, Kelim rugs are lightweight and relatively thin. This feature makes them easy to move, transport, and hang on walls if desired.

Kelim rugs have various practical and decorative uses. They can be used as floor coverings, wall hangings, decorative throws, and even as prayer mats in some cultures.

Kelim rugs hold cultural and historical significance in the regions where they originate. They often showcase the artistic expression and craftsmanship of the local communities, reflecting their traditions and heritage.

Thanks to the tight and flat weaving technique, Kelim rugs are durable and capable of withstanding heavy foot traffic. With proper care, they can last for generations.

While Kelim rugs are rooted in traditional designs and techniques, modern iterations may incorporate contemporary elements to suit various interior styles and preferences